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On This Day in UK History. 22nd June.1377 At the age of 10, Richard II became King of England following the death of his grandfather Edward III, the previous day.See photo of Richard II (1377-99), gold Noble of six shillings and eight pence, Calais Mint, type 2a, no French title in legend, armoured King standing in ship with upright sword and quartered shield, flag at stern of ship for Calais Mint, Latin legend and beaded borders surrounding, double saltire stops in legend, RIC ARDxx DEIxx GRAxx REXxx AnGLxx DnSxx hIBxx Zx AQ, rev. R at centre of ornate cross with lis terminals, crown over lion in each angle, all within a tressure of eight arcs, fleurs in spandrels, Latin legend and beaded border surrounding, initial mark cross pattee IhCxx AVTEmxx TRAnSIEnSxx PERxx mEDIVxx ILLORVmxx IBAT, weight 7.67g (Schneider 146; N.1306; S.1661). Striking a little blundered in places as per usual for Richard II gold, weak at face, otherwise a full coin, pleasing, good very fine, rare. The abbreviated Latin legends translate as on the obverse "Richard by the Grace of God, King of England, Lord of Ireland and Aquitaine"; and on the reverse "But Jesus, passing through the midst of them, went His way" taken from the Bible.1535 Cardinal John Fisher was beheaded on Tower Hill, London, for refusing to acknowledge Henry VIII as head of the Church of England.1611 Henry Hudson, English navigator, was cast adrift with some of his crew after a mutiny in the bay that now bears his name. It was the last time they were seen alive.1680 The 'Sanquhar Declaration' took place in the public square of Sanquhar in Dumfries and Galloway, disavowing allegiance to Charles II and the government of Scotland. See picture of the monument. The symbolic demonstration, in a speech read by Michael Cameron in the presence of his brother, Covenanter leader Rev. Richard Cameron, was essentially a declaration of war. It was among the first of a series of events that led to the Glorious Revolution and the end of the reign of the House of Stuart.1802 Britain's Health and Morals of Apprentices Act limited children to a maximum twelve hour working day; whilst under nines were banned from the mills.1814 The Marylebone Cricket Club and Hertfordshire played the first match at England's Lord's Cricket Ground.1893 The Royal Navy battleship HMS Camperdown accidentally rammed the British Mediterranean Fleet flagship HMS Victoria near Tripoli, Lebanon. HMS Victoria sank, taking 358 crew with her, including the commander of the British Mediterranean Fleet, Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon.1910 The birth of John Hunt, English mountaineer and explorer. He led the 1953 expedition on which Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay reached the summit of Mount Everest, the world's highest mountain (29,035 feet). He described the venture in his book The Ascent of Everest.Information gathered from the following sources..www.vcoins.com/www.beautifulbritain.co.uk/Compiled and posted from Kent, UK. ... See MoreSee Less
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